In Irish, as in English, some of the sounds or syllables in words are dropped out in rapid everyday speech. You must learn to do this yourself and to listen for it in the speech of others. Up to now, these lessons have given you largely the full pronunciation of individual words, even in sentences.

We will now begin to indicate how sentences are pronounced in everyday speech. Individual words in vocabularies and examples will still receive their full pronunciations, however. You should learn them thoroughly before using the words in a sentence.

Here are examples of word-group pronunciations:

Táa fhios agat (TAW* uh is uh-GUHT) you know, becomes (taw*s uh-GUHT), with the sound forŽa elided.

Fear an tí(far un TEE) man of the house, becomes (far uh TEE). Ban an tí(ban un TEE) woman of the house, becomes (ban uh TEE). Cábhfuil túag dul? (KAW* vwil too uh DUHL) Where are you going? can become (KAW*-il too uh DUHL). Táan fear anseo (taw* un FAR un-SHUH), The man is here, becomes (taw*n FAR-un-SHUH).

We will put this into lessons gradually enough so that you will not become confused. And remember that everyone learning a language with the help of a book tries to sound all the letters in all the words, but native speakers never do.


Another use forŽle, with, is in expressions like:

Tácara liom ansin (taw* KAH-ruh luhm un-SHIN), a friend of mine is there. Leabhar liom (LOU-wuhr luhm), meansŽa book of mine. Hata le Seán: one of Johnþs hats. Clog le Nóra: one of Noraþs clocks, or a clock of Noraþs.

This usage implies that the subject spoken of is only one of several in its class.ŽLeabhar liom implies that I have several books.ŽMo leabhar isŽmy book and does not say whether I have others.


Is dóchaé(is DOHK*-uh ay*) Itþs likely, I suppose so.

Maith go leor (mah goh lohr) good enough.

Cibéar bith (KI-bay* er BI) anyway.

Anois agus arís (uh-NISH AH-guhs uh-REESH) now and again, now and then.


Masculine Noun

pá(paw*), pay